The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the simply America or the United States, is a country in North America. It is composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories and various possessions. Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The capital city is Washington, D.C., located in the north-east of the country.