The United States Colonial Marine Corps (USCM), commonly known as the Colonial Marines, is the successor to the United States Marine Corps and is the United Americas' primary "force-in-readiness", who are at all times ready for immediate deployment without any additional reinforcement, training or provisioning. They specialize in force projection, being able to operate independently in environments far from home for extended periods thanks to their technological prowess and sizeable space fleet at their disposal.
The Colonial Marines, along with the United States Army, are part of the United Americas Allied Command. The primary duties of the Colonial Marine Corps are to maintain security for all United Americas signatories and at all extraterrestrial colonies that fall under United States of America's control, and serve as the vanguard of any major combat operation. They have fought on more than two dozen worlds, including Tientsin (8 Eta Bootis A III), Helene 215, Linna 349, BG-386, LV-1201, LV-742, and the infamous Acheron (LV-426).
The USCM is the major striking element of the United Americas Allied Command, and is the nation's only major means of forcibly entering a hostile area from space. Its ability to project power on distant worlds makes it an essential element to the nation's security, and as such its versatility and responsiveness are key in any crisis at all times.
The National Security Act of 2101 had established the Colonial Marines and its structure. At its peak in 2165 during the Tientsin campaign, the USCM numbered over 240,000 Marines; by 2179 that number had dropped to 165,000, with a further 50,000 in reserve.
The Corps is roughly split between the supporting establishment and operating forces. The former includes recruitment, training, research and development, administrative and logistical duties, while the latter performs combat operations. Approximately 58 percent of Marines are in the operating forces.
The operating forces are divided into four combat divisions and four aerospace wings, along with their required support groups. A fifth combat division and aerospace wing also exist as reserves.
Marine Space ForceEdit
All combat forces within the Corps are organized into three Marine Space Forces, which answer directly to US Space Command. Each MSF is given the primary responsibility of security their designated areas, though the realities of space mean these areas frequently overlap, while the practicalities of frontier operations mean forces typical operate in autonomous task forces of regimental size or less.
- Marine Space Force, Sol is responsible for operations throughout the core systems, and is capable of rapidly reinforcing either of the other two MSFs. Its headquarters is the O'Neil station at the Earth-Luna L4 point.
- The 1st Colonial Marine Division, 1st Marine Aerospace Wing, and 1st Marine Brigade, are stationed at Camp Lejeune, NC; Camp Pendleton, CA; Kennedy ASFB, FL; O'Neil Station, Earth-Luna L4 point; and Gateway Station in Earth GSO.
- The 2nd and 3rd Marine Brigades, along with portions of the 2nd Marine Aerospace Wing, are based at Redlake Field ASFB and Glenn GSO station on Aurora 510 (Alpha Centauri A V); Ezell ASFB on Nene 246 (52 Tau Ceti II); and Titleman station, Lucien-Avril L1 point at (Lacaille 8760 AV).
- Support elements, consisting of Force Troops, Sol and the 2nd Colonial Support Group are located in North Carolina, Florida and the Trobriands on Nene 246.
- Marine Space Force, Eridani is responsible for operations along the American and Chinese colonized arms. Its headquarters is at Happy Days on Helene 215 (82 Eridani II).
- Marine Space Force, Herculis is responsible for operations along the Anglo-Japanese arm up to the fringes of the ISC Network. Its headquarters is at Chinook 91 GSO station over Georgia 525 (70 Ophiuchi A V).
- The 4th Colonial Marine Division, 4th Marine Aerospace Wing and 4th Colonial Marine Brigade are spread out among a number of UA-recognized colonies all along the Anglo-Japanese arm. The largest support contingent, the 1st Colonial Support Group, is centered at Tithonis Mountain on Bernice 378 (Mu Herculis A III)
The 5th (provisional) Division and attached Reserve Aerospace Wing are based in the continental United States and Panama, with two additional reserve regiments able to be raised on Aurora 510.
The Colonial Marine Aerospace Wing is responsible for providing aerospace support and airmobility to a Marine Space Force. The Wing itself is largely an administrative formation; in practice much of its elements are attached directly to a Division as an integral element.
Each Wing is divided into a Drop Group, a Tactical Group, and a Support Group. The Drop Group is assigned to operate with Marine ground elements as dedicated support, and consists of approximately 200 dropships. The Tactical Group is assigned reconnaissance, ground-attack and air superiority missions, and averages six to eight squadrons of AD-19C/D Bearcat and AD-17A Cougar strikeships along with UD-4L Cheyenne and UD-22 Navaho gunships. The Support Group is assigned CasEvac, search and rescue, psyops and other miscellaneous operations, and consist of 100 dropships and 30 heavy-lift shuttles.
Each Colonial Marine Division is a balanced force of combat, service and support elements allowing for orbital assault and sustained ground operations. The Division is organized around three infantry regiments.
Marine Assault UnitEdit
The Marine Assault Unit, or MAU, is the building block of Colonial Marine combat forces, a reinforced battalion designed for independent deep-space operations far from reinforcement or logistical support. At minimum each MAU has the logistical capacity for thirty days of combat operations.
The MAU is commanded by a headquarters platoon, with a logistics platoon, maintenance company and medical unit attached for non-combat support. Additional combat-oriented support units include a reconnaissance platoon, scout-sniper squad, and a combat engineer platoon. A heavy ordinance company is also attached for heavy fire support and aerospace defense, and can include self-propelled artillery, anti-ballistic and anti-space systems.
Two to four infantry companies provide the heart of the MAU, with each company incorporating support elements such as mortars, anti-tank and SAM missiles that can be distributed among their line platoons. If sufficient starlift capacity is available, an armored company of fourteen tanks may also be attached.
An Aerospace Drop Group and some Attack Group elements are also attached to the MAU, while the number and type of USAF Fleet units varies according to mission type and size.
The organization of the rifle platoons represents the USCM doctrine of small, autonomous infantry units capable of independent action on a non-linear battlefield. The platoon commander, a lieutenant, is assisted by one or two Synthetics as technical and scientific advisers, medics and drivers. The platoon is divided into two sections, which are further divided into two squads of four Marines each. Each section is led by a sergeant and includes a driver for the M577 Armored Personnel Carrier. In addition, during Drop operations each section is assigned a UD-4 Dropship from the aerospace company team. Including the platoon commander and crews for the dropships and APCs, a full-strength rifle platoon would number twenty-five Marines, though in practice the platoon operates with fewer personnel.
Organic support weaponry for the platoon includes eight M240 Incinerator Units, eight UA 571-C Automated Sentry Guns, two M78 PIG or M5 RPGs, eighteen M83 SADAR rockets, and one M402 Multiple-Launch Mortar, along with sufficient sensor equipment to establish an overlapping detection matrix with a frontage of over one kilometer.
The rifle squad consists of four Marines: a Corporal, a Lance Corporal, and two Privates/Privates First Class. The squad is broken up into two fireteams, the Rifle Team and the Gun Team. The Rifle Team consists of two riflemen armed with M41A Pulse Rifles, while the Gun Team consists of a gunner armed with the M56 Smartgun and a rifleman armed with a M41.
The Multi-Cam Combat Fatigue Uniform, commonly Refereed to as Utilities or Cammies by the Marines who wear them, is a three-piece uniform consisting of (from head to toe):
- Multi-Cam Cover, or hat with Eagle, Globe, and Anchor affixed in the front above the bill
- Multi-Cam Blouse with reflective nametapes above the left and right breast pockets
- Multi-Cam trousers with six pockets
This uniform is one of two fatigues, or work uniforms worn by Colonial Marines. This uniform is worn during combat manoeuvres or field time, or on deployments where combat is supposed to be imminent. Several identifying patches and badges can be worn on this uniform depending on rank, location and Standard Operating Procedure of the Marines assigned command.
- "Hey Ripley, don't worry. Me and my squad of ultimate badasses will protect you! Check it out! Independently targeting particle beam phalanx. Vwap! Fry half a city with this puppy. We got tactical smart missiles, Phase Plasma Pulse Rifles, RPGs, we got sonic electronic ball-breakers! We got nukes, we got knives, Sharp Sticks..."
- ―Pvt. Hudson, regarding the USCM's arsenal (from Aliens Special Edition)
The United States Colonial Marine Corps has access to state-of-the-art military technology and weapons, including orbital assault vehicles and armor support.
Rifles and carbinesEdit
Hand grenades and grenade launchersEdit
- B15 Fragmentation Grenade
- M92 Grenade Launcher
- G2 Electroshock Grenade
- U4 Firebomb
- U1 Grenade Launcher
- U4 Firebomb Launcher
Aerospace defense systemsEdit
- UA 571-C Automated Sentry Gun
- Skeeter Launcher
- P9 Sonic Harpoon Artillery Remote Projectile Rifle
- XM99A Phased Plasma Pulse Rifle
- M103 Torrent Cannon
- M30 Autocannon
- M22 Jackson
- M34 Longstreet
- M40 Ridgeway
- M572 Armored Mortar Carrier
- M577 Armored Personnel Carrier
- M292 Self-Propelled Artillery
- M201 MLRS
- UD-4L Cheyenne Dropship
- Conestoga-class starship
- Valley Forge-class starship
- Bougainville-class starship
Colonial Marine Bases and StationsEdit
- Orbital Fort Osney
- Camp Lejeune
- Camp Pendleton
- The actors playing the Colonial Marines in Aliens were required to read the Robert A. Heinlein novel Starship Troopers as part of their training prior to filming, and also took part in a training boot camp run by the SAS, the UK's elite special forces regiment, to help them effectively portray military combat personnel on screen.
- In reality, only Great Britain has ever fielded a professional military force known as Colonial Marines (officially titled the Corps of Colonial Marines), which it did twice — the first Corps served in the Caribbean from 1808 to 1810, while the second, more substantial Corps operated in America from 1814 to 1816. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of militiamen also operated under the title of American Colonial Marines, although it was a non-professional unit.
- A Colonial Marine Corps appears in the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica television series, which also featured Predator actor Bill Duke in a guest role in its second season.
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- Aliens Collection.com, Aliens related news and collectibles information
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 6.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 7.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 8.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 9.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 40.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 68.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 12.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 13.
- ↑ Lee Brimmicombe-Wood (1996). Aliens: Colonial Marines Technical Manual. HarperPrism, 127.
- ↑ James Cameron, Gale Anne Hurd, Gordon Carroll, David Giler, Walter Hill, Stan Winston. Superior Firepower: The Making of 'Aliens' [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.