Russia, officially the Russian Federation, is a country in Eurasia. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the United States of America across the Bering Strait. The capital and most populous city is Moscow, located in the west of the country, in its European region.
From 1922-1991, Russia was a major part of the Soviet Union, overall governance of which was centralized in Moscow.